Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

Diamond Is the most expensive jewelry and famous in the world. Diamonds are the hardest thing in the world in the scale of moshDiamond was first recognized and mined in India. In the past, there are references found in Buddhist texts, one of the Sanskrit text (Anguttara Nikaya) is then about 296 BC and then refined. Text also tells about the main characteristics of sparkling diamonds shine. At that time the diamonds associated with the name of god (God), as a symbol of religious decoration. Diamonds are believed to bring luck to anyone who has it. In India, the owner is limited by caste-based colors. Only the King should be allowed to have all the colors of diamonds.

As the times eventually diamonds can be traded in the East and West India and can be used in various cultures to Gemology, or industryBelow are the 10 most expensive diamonds in the world.

1. The Allnatt Diamond
    Price: $ 3 million

Allnatt Diamond is a 101.29 carat vivid yellow cushion-shaped diamond that is distinguished as one of the most striking gemstones in the world. The name of the diamond duplicates the name of its owner, Major Alfred Ernest Allnatt, a soldier who was a known sportsman, art patron and benefactor.

The origin of the Allnatt Diamond is still under clouds; probable information that is popular is that the stone was excavated from the Premier Diamond Mine of South Africa. There is abundant evidence that the premature years of the South African diamond mining industry witnessed the emergence of large yellow crystals that were octahedral in shape. Major Alfred Ernest Allnatt was well-known as a warrior, a sportsman, and a dynamic patron of the arts and a noted benefactor in many spheres. He is believed to have purchased this very fine diamond in the early-1950s. 

Allnatt Diamond has Gemological Institute of America (GIA) certified Color rating as Fancy Vivid yellow and Clarity Grade as VS2, and weighs 101.29 carats. The yellow color of the gem is the consequence of nitrogen atoms that replace some of the carbon atoms in the crystal network.

allnatt diamond Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

2. The Moussaieff Red Diamond
    Price: $ 7 million

The Moussaieff Red Diamond is a diamond calculating 5.11 carats and 1.022 grams through a triangular brilliant cut, priced in color as Fancy Red by the Gemological Institute of America. Even as this may appear comparatively small when contrasted to additional famous diamonds, the Moussaieff Red is, in fact, the main Fancy Red the GIA reports having rated. The Moussaieff Red was showed as fraction of the Smithsonian's "The Splendor of Diamonds" show, next to The De Beers Millennium Star and The Heart of Eternity.

The Moussaieff Red Diamond Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

3. The Heart of Eternity
    Price: $ 16 million

The Heart of Eternity is a Blue diamond calculating 27.64 carats and 5.528 grams, price in color as "Fancy Vivid Blue" by the Gemological Institute of America. The Heart of Eternity was cut by the Steinmetz Group, who owns the diamond earlier than selling it to the De Beers Group. The Heart of Eternity is a member of an exceptionally unusual class of colored diamonds. It was establish in the Premier Diamond Mine of South Africa.

The Heart of Eternity Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

 4. Wittelsbach Diamond
     Price: $ 16.4 million

The Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond is a 31.06 carats (6.21 g) fancy deep-blue diamond with internally flawless clarityLaurence Graff purchased the Wittelsbach Diamond in 2008 for $16.4 million. In 2010, Graff revealed he had had the diamond cut by three diamond cutters to remove flaws. The diamond was now more than 4 carats (800 mg) lighter and was renamed the Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond. There is controversy, as critics claim the recutting has altered the diamond as to make it unrecognizable, that its historical integrity has been compromised.

Wittelsbach Diamond Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

5. The Steinmetz Pink
    Price: $ 25 million

The Steinmetz Pink is probably the finest pink diamond in the world presently. It was first unveiled in Monaco in May, 2003, and briefly worn around the neck of supermodel Helena Christensen, the gem was discovered in southern Africa and is the largest Fancy Vivid Pink diamond known in the world. Pink diamonds are extremely rare and usually found in much, much smaller sizes. The Steinmetz Pink weighs 59.60 carats and has been graded as Internally Flawless, an extremely rare and coveted clarity grade. Given its extraordinary importance, the Steinmetz Group took approximately 20 months to cut the diamond. A team of eight people worked on fashioning the gem from the 100-carat rough stone. Fifty models were worked on before the cutting even began. One wrong move and the priceless diamond would have shattered. The gem's facet pattern is very unique: it is an oval mixed cut with a step-cut crown and a brilliant cut pavilion.

The Steinmetz Pink Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

6. De Beers Centenary Diamond
    Price: $ 100 million

The Centenary diamond is a 273.85-carat, D-color diamond with a modified heart-shape. The unique feature of the stone is it's exceptional clarity, and the stone has been graded as internally flawless (IF). The dimensions of the diamond are 50.50 x 39.90 x 24.55 mm. The stone has a total of 247 facets, 164 on the crown and the pavilion, and 83 around the girdle. The Centenary diamond is said to be the largest, faceted, D-color, flawless diamond in the world. It is also the 3rd largest, faceted, D-color diamond in the world, and overall the 5th largest faceted diamond in the world. 

De Beers Centenary Diamond Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

7. The Hope Diamond
    Price: $ 350 million

The 45.52 carat steel blue Hope Diamond was found in India back in remote times as a rough crystal weighing 112 carats. It first came to light when Jean Baptiste Tavernier, the noted French traveler of the 17th century, was approached in India by a slave who had a very secretive manner about him.
It turned out that he had in his possession an intriguing steel blue stone which at first look seemed to be a large sapphire, but the well-experienced Tavernier soon realized it was a diamond – the largest deep blue diamond in the world.

In 1975, the stone was removed from it’s setting to be cleaned and weighed. It turned out to actually weigh 45.52 carats rather than 44.50 carats, which is what was previously thought. Many people also believe the Hope is the largest blue diamond in the world, this isn't true, though. It's actually the 4th largest. It is however, the largest dark blue. The others are lighter shades. 

The Hope Diamond Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

8. The Cullinan
    Price: $ 400 million

An influential building contractor named Thomas Cullinan bought the Elandsfontein farm that housed the Cullinan Diamond Mine in 1903. Less than two years later, a rough diamond was found nine metres down and protruding from the sidewall of the pit measuring a staggering 3,106.75 carats. The Cullinan Diamond was established as the greatest diamond ever found. The jewel was named after the mine’s owner and sold to the South African government who presented it to King Edward VII on his 66th birthday. The largest diamond the world has ever known was cut into nine major stones and approximately 96 smaller diamonds.

The Cullinan Diamond Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

9. The Sancy Diamond
    Price: ?

The Sancy Diamond has one of the most interesting, colorful, confused and involved histories of all the famous diamonds in Europe.

The Sancy, a pale yellow diamond of 55.23 carats (11.05 g), was once reputed to have belonged to the Great Moguls of antiquity, but is more likely of Indian origin owing to its cut which is unusual by Western standards.

It is said to be one of the first large diamonds to be cut with symmetrical facets. The stone is also unusual because it has no pavilion. The shield-shaped stone comprises two back-to-back crowns (the typical upper half of a stone) but lacks any semblance to a pavilion (the lower portion of a stone, below the girdle or midsection).

The Great Sancy reappeared in 1828 and was sold by a French merchant to Prince Anatole Demidoff of Russia; the prince, in turn, is recorded as selling it in 1865 for $100,000. Two years later, it was displayed by the French jeweler, G. Bapst, at the Paris Exposition, bearing a price tag of 1,000,000 French Francs.

In 1906, the Sancy was purchased by William Waldorf Astor (1st Visount Astor) as a wedding present when his son (later 2nd Viscount Astor) married Nancy Langhorne of Virginia. Lady Astor often wore the big shield-shaped gem in a tiara on state occasions. In 1962, it was one of the features of the Ten Centuries of French Jewelry exhibition at the Louvre Museum. After Lady Astor's death in 1964, the celebrated stone was inherited by her son, the 3rd Viscount Astor. 

the sancy Diamond Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

10. Kohinoor
      Price: ?

The Kohinoor diamond is the property of the Telugu people and this is the valuable diamond in the world. It was found in the Kollur mines in the Golconda region and the meaning of Kohinoor is mountain of light in the Persian language. The diamond is 105 carats with 21.6 grams of weight. The Kakatiya king, Rudra had made an agreement with the Khilji dynasty and offered the Kohinoor diamond along with precious treasure in 1310 A.D. Babar haddescribed the half value of Kohinoor diamond was the amount spent across the world in one day. Malwa king entered the history as the first king of the Kohinoor diamond. After that Ala Ud Din Khilji had owned it by defeating the Malwa king. The Kohinoor diamond became the property of Babar family in 1526 year.
When the Mughal dynasty was collapsing, Nadar Shah thought of owning the diamond but he could know the information about the diamond. After few days he came to know that Mohammad Shah would keep the diamond in this crown. So he invited Mohammad Shah for dinner and proposed to exchange the crowns. There was no other option for the Mohammad Shah and gave the diamond to him. Nadar shah had described the diamond as mountain of light and the name was retained for it. This popular diamond led to many disputes among the kings. The Persian and Hindu kings fought many wars for the diamond. At last, the diamondwas owned by the British. When the queen Victoria was declared as the princess of Hindustan, the diamond was set in her crown. There are many stories about the diamond and the people say that it is good for the females to wear this diamond and bad for the males if they wear Kohinoor diamond.
Kohinoor Most expensive Diamond Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds in The World

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